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Opinion Must Be Heard

English Précis and Composition 2006

ENGLISH (Précis & Composition)
TIME ALLOWED: 3 HOURS…………………..Maximum Marks: 100
Q # 1… Make a précis of the given passage and suggest a suitable heading: (20 +
It was not so in Greece, where philosophers professed less, and undertook more.
Parmenides pondered nebulously over the mystery of knowledge; but the pre-Socratics
kept their eyes with fair consistency upon the firm earth, and sought to ferret out its
secrets by observation and experience, rather than to create it by exuding dialectic;
there were not many introverts among the Greeks. Picture Democritus, the Laughing
Philosopher; would he not be perilous company for the dessicated scholastics who have
made the disputes about the reality of the external world take the place of medieval
discourses on the number of angles that could sit on the point of a pin? Picture Thales,
who met the challenge that philosophers were numskulls by “cornering the market” and
making a fortune in a year. Picture Anaxagoras, who did the work of Darwin for the
Greeks and turned Pericles form a wire-pulling politician into a thinker and a statesman,
Picture old Socrates, unafraid of the sun or the stars, gaily corrupting young men and
overturning governments; what would he have done to these bespectacled seedless
philosophasters who now litter the court of the once great Queen? To Plato, as to these
virile predecessors, epistemology was but the vestibule of philosophy, akin to the
preliminaries of love; it was pleasant enough for a while, but it was far from the creative
consummation that drew wisdom’s lover on. Here and there in the shorter dialogues, the
Master dallied amorously with the problems of perception, thought, and knowledge; but
in his more spacious moments he spread his vision over larger fields, built himself ideal
states and brooded over the nature and destiny of man. And finally in Aristotle
philosophy was honoured in all her boundless scope and majesty; all her mansions
were explored and made beautiful with order; here every problem found a place and
every science brought its toll to wisdom. These men knew that the function of
philosophy was not to bury herself in the obscure retreats of epistemology, but to come
forth bravely into every realm of inquiry, and gather up all knowledge for the
coordination and illumination of human character and human life.

Q # 2… Read the passage and answer the questions that follow: (20 Marks)
“Elegant economy!” How naturally one fold back into the phraseology of Cranford! There
economy was always “elegant”, and money-spending always “Vulgar and Ostentatoin;”
a sort of sour grapeism which made up very peaceful and satisfied I shall never forget
the dismay felt when certain Captain Brown came to live at Cranford, and openly spoke
of his being poor _ not in a whisper to an intimate friend, the doors and windows being previously closed, but in the public street! in a loud military voice! alleging his poverty as a reason for not taking a particular house. The ladies of Cranford were already moving over the invasion of their territories by a man and a gentleman. He was a half-pay captain, and had obtained some situation on a neighbouring rail-road, which had been vehemently petitioned against by the little town; and if in addition to his masculine gender, and his connection with the obnoxious railroad, he was so brazen as to talk of his being poor _ why, then indeed, he must be sent to Coventry. Death was as true
and as common as poverty; yet people never spoke about that loud on the streets. It
was a word not to be mentioned to ears polite. We had tacitly agreed to ignore that any
with whom we associated on terms of visiting equality could ever be prevented by
poverty from doing anything they wished. If we walked to or from a party, it was
because the weather was so fine, or the air so refreshing, not because sedan chairs
were expensive. If we wore prints instead of summer silks, it was because we preferred
a washing material; and so on, till we blinded ourselves to the vulgar fact that we were,
all of us, people of very moderate means.
(a) Give in thirty of your own words what we learn from this passage of Captain Brown. (
4 marks )
(b) Why did the ladies of Cranford dislike the Captain. ( 2 marks )
(c) What reasons were given by the ladies of Cranford for “not doing anything that they
wished”? ( 2 marks )
(d) “Ears Polite”. How do you justify this construction? ( 2 marks )
(e) What is the meaning and implication of the phrases? ( 2 marks each )
(1) Sour-grapeism
(2) The invasion of their territories
(3) Sent to Coventry
(4) Tacitly agreed
(5) Elegant economy
This one is quite simple and easy. THANKS ALMIGHTLY.

Q # 3… Write a comprehensive note (250-300 words) on any ONE of the following:
( 20 marks )
(a) Where ignorance is bliss, it is folly to be wise.
(b) A pen becomes a clarion.
(c) Charms strike the sight but merit wins the soul
(d) What fools these mortals be!
(e) Stolen glances, sweeter for the theft.
Q # 4 (A)… Chose the word that is nearly similar in meaning to the word in capital
letters. (1 mark each)
(a) unstable
(b) troubled
(c) fussy
(d) unpleasant
(a) underground press
(b) secret police
(c) twirling jig
(d) large metal tea urn
(3) VELD:
(a) arctic wasteland
(b) European plains
(c) South African grassland
(d) Deep valley
(4) CAJUN:
(a) French-Canadian descendant
(b) American Indian
(c) Native of the Everglades
(d) Early inhabitant of the Bahama Islands
(a) pathway
(b) Marsh
(c) gallery
(d) carriage

(B) Pick the most nearly opposite in meaning to the capitalized word:
(1 mark each)
(a) Tolerant (b) capable (c) Winning (d) Recollected
(a) Dislike (b) Attitude (c) Imminence (d) Distance
(a) Powerful (b) Colonial (c) Undisputed (d) Unremarkable
(a) imitation (b) model (c) mutation (d) pattern
(a) appropriation (b) peculation (c) purloining (d) indemnification
Q # 5… (A) Change the narration from direct to indirect and from indirect to direct
speech (only five)
(1) He said, “let it rain ever so hard I shall go out”.
(2) The mother said to the young girl, “Do you know where salim is”?
(3) The officer said, “Hand it all! Can you not do it more neatly”.
(4) Invoking our help with a loud voice she asked us whether we would come to her aid.
(5) He exclaimed with an oath that no one could have expected such a turn of events.
(6) The teacher said to his students, “Why did you come so late”?
(7) They applauded him saying that he had done well.
(8) “You say,” said the judge, “the bag you lost contained one hundred and ten
(B) Correct ONLY FIVE of the following:
(1) Playing a game regularly is better than to read books always.
(2) A good reader must be hardworking and possess intelligence.
(3) I noticed Akbar was carrying a bag in his hand.
(4) Having entered his house, the door was shut at one.
(5) He thinks that his writing is better than his friend.
(6) He is such a man who is liked by everyone.
(7) I sent a verbal message to my friend.
(8) He has visited as many historical places as one has or can visit.

Q # 6… (A) Use ONLY FIVE of the following in sentences to bring out their
(1) Twiddle with
(2) Vamp up
(3) Whittle away
(4) Winkle out
(5) Give someone the bum’s rush
(6) Loom large
(7) Besetting sin
(8) To hang fire
(B) Use ONLY FIVE pair of words in sentences:
(1) Veracity, Voracity
(2) Persecute, Prosecute
(3) Moat, Mote
(4) Loath, Loathe
(5) Ingenious, Ingenuous
(6) Fair, Feign
(7) Emigrant, Immigrant
(8) Wreak, Wreck.

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